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年鑒中文名: 中國農產品價格調查年鑒

年鑒英文名: CHINA YEARBOOK OF AGRICULTURAL PRICE SURVEY

年鑒年份: 2019

責任說明: 黃秉信 主編

主編單位: 國家統計局農村社會經濟調查司

出版日期: 2019.11

頁數: 153

人民幣定價(元): 168.00

內容簡介: 一、編輯目的與作用 隨著我國市場經濟體制的建立與不斷完善,農村經濟運行的市場化步伐加快,市場機制在農產品流通與貿易中的基礎作用日益顯現,宏觀決策和社會公眾對農產品價格信息的需求與日俱增。為了適應這一新的形勢,國家統計局農村社會經濟調查司發揮系統自身優勢,逐步建立起完整的農產品價格調查體系,對農產品生產和流通的全過程進行密切跟蹤調查,全方位把握農產品價格走勢,深入透視農產品生產、貿易和消費環節的分 ...

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《中國農產品價格調查年鑒》

一、編輯目的與作用 隨著我國市場經濟體制的建立與不斷完善,農村經濟運行的市場化步伐加快,市場機制在農產品流通與貿易中的基礎作用日益顯現,宏觀決策和社會公眾對農產品價格信息的需求與日俱增。為了適應這一新的形勢,國家統計局農村社會經濟調查司發揮系統自身優勢,逐步建立起完整的農產品價格調查體系,對農產品生產和流通的全過程進行密切跟蹤調查,全方位把握農產品價格走勢,深入透視農產品生產、貿易和消費環節的分配關系和利益格局。匯編這些價格數據的目的就是為了充分發揮農產品價格信息在分析研究我國農產品供給與需求、農產品市場競爭與產業結構調整、農民收入與居民消費等方面的獨特作用,更好地服務于各級黨政領導的“三農”決策,服務于關注農產品價格問題的研究機構和各界社會公眾。 二、主要內容與資料調查方法 本書的內容主要包括統計圖、農產品生產者價格指數和農產品集貿市場價格三部分。農產品生產者價格,是農產品生產者直接出售其產品時實際獲得的單位產品價格,它是農產品集貿市場價格、批發價格和消費價格形成的基礎和前提。農產品生產者價格調查采用隨機抽樣的方法抽選調查網點,實行抽樣調查。全國共抽選2萬個農業生產經營單位,其中普通農戶占三分之一,農業生產單位和生產大戶占三分之二。調查內容涉及農、林、牧、漁四個大類,180種代表品。農產品集貿市場價格調查是對全國200個農產品主產縣(市)31種農產品進行的集貿市場價格調查,旨在反映我國農產品主產區大宗農產品的交易價格和價格走勢。 三、特別說明 本書在重點收錄2018年農產品價格調查資料的同時,編發了2000年以來主要年份全國主要農產品的價格數據(全國匯總數據不含西藏)。生產者價格指數以上年或上年同期價格為100。農產品集貿市場價格單位為“元/公斤”,價格數據保留兩位小數。 為了及時反映全國農產品價格走勢,我們將定期出版《中國農產品價格調查年鑒》。限于我們的經驗和水平,書中疏漏在所難免,不妥之處敬請讀者批評指正。 Ⅰ.Background and Purpose Along with the establishment and improvement of the system of market economy in China,the market-oriented pace of the rural economy has been accelerated.The market plays more and more important role in production and trade of agricultural products.Therefore,the government and publics have increasingly more demand for the information on the prices of agricultural products.In order to fit in with this situation,Department of Rural Surveys National Bureau of Statistics has been carrying out surveys on the prices of agricultural products to monitor the movement of the related prices and to maintain the agricultural accounting system,through its survey teams locating all over the country since 2003.The purpose of this book is to provide the price information of agricultural products to government agencies at various level,the research institutions,agricultural holdings as well as other publics for the decision-making and analyzing the supply and demand relations of the agricultural products,the market competition of agricultural products and the agricultural restructure,the farmers,income and consumption,etc. Ⅱ.Contents and Methodology The contents of this book include the chart of price movement of agricultural products,the producer prices index of agricultural products,the prices of the agricultural products at the rural market fairs.The producer price of the agricultural product is the price of the unit product,at which the producer of the agricultural product,i.e.the agricultural household or the farm,directly sells the product.The producer prices of agricultural products are the bases of the prices of the agricultural products at the rural market fairs as well as the wholesale prices and consumer prices.National Producer Prices Survey of agricultural products is a sample survey with its sample units selected with random sampling method.A total of 20,000 samples engaged in agricultural production have been selected in the whole country,in which the agricultural households account for one thirds and the farms account for two third.The survey covers 180 representative agricultural products in four categories off arming,forestry,livestock and fishery.Survey of Agricultural Products Prices at Rural Market Fairs is a survey on the prices of 31 agricultural products in 200 major producing counties and cities conducted for reflecting the trading prices of the staple agricultural products in the major producing areas and the change of these prices. Ⅲ.Additional Notes While mainly presenting the survey data on the prices of agricultural products in 2018,this book also releases the series data on the prices of main agricultural products in China since 2000(The country's aggregated date excludes Tibet).The producer price indices take the prices in the preceding year or the prices at the same period of preceding year as 100.The unit of the prices of agricultural products at rural market fairs is unified to be Yuan/kg and two decimals are kept for the price data.In order to better reflect the change of the prices of agricultural products in China,we will periodically publish the China Yearbook of Agricultural Price Survey.Limit to our experiences and knowledge,some slips are inevitable in the book.We warmly welcome the comments or suggestion from our readers.