中國經濟與社會發展統計數據庫

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年鑒中文名: 北京統計年鑒

年鑒英文名: BEI JING STATISTICAL YEARBOOK

年鑒年份: 2018

責任說明: 龐江倩 總編

主編單位: 北京市統計局;國家統計局北京調查總隊

出版日期: 2018.09

頁數: 538

人民幣定價(元): 350.00

內容簡介: 《北京統計年鑒》是一部按年連續出版的大型統計資料。本年鑒通過大量的統計數據,真實地記錄了北京市一年來經濟社會發展變化情況,是國內外各界人士了解北京、認識北京的重要資料工具書。 一、關于框架結構 (一)總體結構 《北京統計年鑒》整體框架基本保持穩定,彩頁內容以圖文并茂的形式反映了本地區經濟社會發展主要趨勢和變化;統計表是年鑒的主體內容,主要包括綜合,國民經濟核算,人口與就業,價格指數,人民生活 ...

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《北京統計年鑒》

《北京統計年鑒》是一部按年連續出版的大型統計資料。本年鑒通過大量的統計數據,真實地記錄了北京市一年來經濟社會發展變化情況,是國內外各界人士了解北京、認識北京的重要資料工具書。 一、關于框架結構 (一)總體結構 《北京統計年鑒》整體框架基本保持穩定,彩頁內容以圖文并茂的形式反映了本地區經濟社會發展主要趨勢和變化;統計表是年鑒的主體內容,主要包括綜合,國民經濟核算,人口與就業,價格指數,人民生活,財政與稅收,能源、資源和環境,城市公用事業,全社會固定資產投資和房地產開發,對外經濟貿易,農業及農村經濟,工業,建筑業,第三產業,交通運輸郵電業,批發和零售業、住宿和餐飲業,旅游業,金融業,科技,教育,衛生及社會服務,文化和體育,公共管理、社會保障和社會組織,開發區等24個章節,從多領域、多行業客觀反映北京市經濟和社會發展情況。 (二)章節結構 章節內結構:每一章節由簡要說明、統計表和主要統計指標解釋三部分組成。簡要說明在每一章節首頁,主要介紹該章節的主要內容、資料來源、統計范圍、指標口徑和歷史數據調整方法;主要統計指標解釋在每章節頁尾,主要對本章節內所涉及的主要指標、計算方法等做簡要解釋;統計表是各章節的核心內容。 統計表排列:每一章節注重從反映該領域主要情況出發編排統計表內容。統計表的排列順序一般先是主要指標歷史數據表,后為當年數據表。 二、關于使用方法 (一)年份 按照慣例,書名中標注的年份為出版年份,年鑒中統計表內最新數據為上一年數據。例如,書名為《北京統計年鑒2018》表示此本年鑒為2018年出版,年鑒中最新數據年份截至2017年。 統計表名中的“年份”主要有三種標識方法,分別代表三種含義:一是“表格名稱(年-年)”表示表內所列數據是包含了這兩個年份之間的各年資料;二是統計表名中未顯示年份,表示表內所列數據為當年和上年兩年數據;三是“表格名稱(年)”表示表內所列數據僅為某一年資料。 (二)符號 統計表中常見符號如下: #:表示總計中的其中項;有“#”號的分組指標表示總計的部分項目,無“#”號的分組指標則表示其中項之和等于總計。 ‖:賓欄中的“‖”為分組符號,代表某個指標存在幾種分組數據。 …:表示該數據不足該表最小計量單位數。 空格:表示該項指標數據不詳或沒有數據。 ***:表示為使個體數據得以保密,該數據不予公布。 (三)文字說明 文字說明包括使用指南、目錄、簡要說明、指標解釋和表下注解。使用指南在目錄之前,是對年鑒整體框架進行介紹,對主要調整內容進行說明;簡要說明在每一章節首頁,主要介紹該章節的主要內容、資料來源、統計范圍、指標口徑和歷史數據調整方法等;統計表下的注釋則是對部分統計指標口徑、方法、范圍等內容的說明。 (四)數據 一般情況下,每一章節均包含歷史數據表和當年數據表兩部分,前面幾張為該專業或該領域核心指標歷史數據表,其后為當年詳細分組數據表。歷史數據表中的歷史數據一般可以連續使用,部分歷史數據有調整的,應以最新出版的年鑒為準,使用時需留意簡要說明、表下注釋中對其方法制度、口徑范圍等變化情況的說明。當年數據表中的分組數據主要反映該專業或該領域本年度數據情況以及與上年數據情況的比較,相應指標的口徑范圍、計算方法以及與上年度數據變化較大的會在表下注釋中進行說明。 (五)電子光盤 《北京統計年鑒》配有電子光盤,包括中文和英文兩種語言的版本,輔助用戶對數據進行加工處理。 (六)本年鑒中部分數據合計數或相對數由于計量單位取舍不同而產生的計算誤差,均未作機械調整。 三、關于2018年版《北京統計年鑒》說明 與2017年版《北京統計年鑒》相比較,本年鑒在內容上主要做了如下調整: (一)調整篇章結構 按國民經濟行業分類,對部分篇章名稱和順序進行調整;根據統計表內容,對表名進行規范和統一,對表序進行調整。 (二)調整統計表內容 1.根據《北京城市總體規劃(2016年—2035年)》,取消四大功能區分組,并按行政區劃代碼調整各區排序。 2.根據國家統計局統計方法制度變化,增減或調整了部分指標數據。包括:在《能源生產量》表中增加“水電”、“風電”、“光伏發電”等反映新能源情況的統計指標,在《規模以上工業企業主要指標》表中增加“主營業務成本”歷史數據,在《規模以上工業企業主要經濟效益指標》表中增加“收入利潤率”、“每百元主營業務收入成本費用”指標;撤銷了工業、投資、消費等領域相關指標的“按城鄉分組”數據,撤消了《會展業活動情況》表中按展覽面積分組。此外,對部分指標名稱進行調整、規范,例如:將“營業稅金及附加”改為“稅金及附加”等。 3.根據北京市統計局部門統計制度變化,增減或調整了部分指標。包括:在《環境保護》表中增加PM_(2.5)指標及其歷史數據,在《北京地區對外經濟貿易》表中增加以人民幣為單位的“進出口”及“出口”、“進口”分組歷史數據;撤銷了《查辦貪污賄賂、瀆職侵權按鍵情況》。同時,調整部分統計表,例如:將《水資源情況》中“全年供水量”和“全年用水量”分列,并相應調整分組;將《社會福利事業、社區情況》調整為《基層社會工作情況》,刪除社會福利企業單位數相關指標,增加“基層組織中持有證書的專業社會工作者人數”。 (三)以精簡實用為原則,優化統計表結構 1.增加部分統計指標數據。例如:在人民生活部分,增加了全市居民相關情況歷史數據;在工業部分,增加了重點行業工業總產值以及主營業務成本歷史數據,在《規模以上工業企業主要經濟指標(按行業分)》中增加了行業門類數據。 2.撤銷部分統計表或統計指標。例如:在人口與就業部分,撤銷了戶籍人口中涉及分區情況的相關統計表;在人民生活部分,撤銷了主要商品購買數量及支出金額相關統計表;在工業部分,撤銷了《規模以上工業增加值》歷史數據表及相關內容,撤銷了按隸屬關系、登記注冊類型等分組的國有控股企業、股份制工業企業、港澳臺及外商投資工業企業及大中型工業企業主要經濟指標統計表;在批發和零售業、住宿和餐飲業部分,撤銷了《限額以上批發和零售業商品銷售情況》;在科技部分,撤銷了《公有經濟企事業單位專業技術人員》。 3.調整部分統計表或統計指標。例如:對綜合部分的《主要年份國民經濟和社會發展總量與速度指標》、《主要年份國民經濟和社會發展結構指標》、《國民經濟和社會發展比例和效益指標》、《北京一日》中的指標順序、內容進行優化調整;對人民生活、工業部分的表式內容進行優化整合;將《北京地區服務貿易情況》調整至對外經濟貿易部分。 (四)修訂文字說明,方便讀者了解數據變化情況 一是修訂各章節簡要說明內容,將各章節反映的數據內容、數據來源、統計標準以及數據歷史變化等情況全面呈現;二是增減章節后的主要指標解釋內容,根據當年指標變化等情況對各章節指標解釋進行統一的修訂、調整;三是更新表下注釋內容,準確反映當年數據口徑內容調整變化情況。 Beijing Statistical Yearbook is a large statistical book published continuously on a chronological basis.With a great deal of statistical data,this Yearbook gives a true reflection of the economic and social development and changes in Beijing over the past year.It serves as an important reference book for domestic and foreign personnel in all circles tounderst and and know Beijing. Ⅰ.Framework Structure (Ⅰ)Overall Structure The overall structure of Beijing Statistical Yearbook remains basically stable.In color pages,main tendency and changes about economic and social development of Beijing have been presented with both illustration and pictures;statistical tables are the main part of this Yearbook,mainly including 24 chapters,i.e.General Survey;National Accounts;Population and Employment;Price Index;People's Living Conditions;Government Finance and Tax Revenues;Energy,Resources and Environment;Public Utilities;Total Investment in Fixed Assets and Real Estate Development;Foreign Economic Relations and Trade;Agriculture and Rural Economy;Industry;Construction;Tertiary Industry;Transport,Post and Telecommunication Services;Wholesale and Retail Trade,Accommodation and Restaurants;Tourism;Finance;Science and Technology;Education;Health Care and Social Services;Culture and Sports;Public Management,Social Security and Social Organizations;and Development Zones,reflecting the economic and social development situation across the city through multiple fields and industries. (Ⅱ) Structure of Chapters Internal structure of chapters:Each chapter is composed of the Brief Introduction,Statistical Tables and Explanatory Notes to Main Statistical Indicators.Brief Introduction appears on the first page of each chapter,mainly introducing the main content,source of data,statistical scope,indicator standards,method of adjustment to historical data in each chapter;Explanatory Notes to Main Statistical Indicators come on the last page of each chapter,mainly giving a brief explanation to the main indicators and calculation method,etc.involved in the chapter;Statistical Tables are the core content of each chapter. Arrangement of statistical tables:In each chapter,statistical tables are arranged for the purpose of reflecting the main conditions in the field.Generally speaking,main indicators historical data tables come before current year data tables. Ⅱ.How to Use (Ⅰ)Years Conventionally,the year indicated in the title of the book is the year of publication.The latest data indicated in the statistical tables in this Yearbook are data in the previous years.For example,this book is titled 2018 Beijing Statistical Yearbook,which means it will be published in 2018 while the latest data in the book is by the end of 2017. "Years" in the statistical tables are marked in three ways,each indicating a different meaning.Firstly,the statistical table is named "******(AAAA- BBBB)",which refers to that the data listed in the table are those from the year of AAAA to BBBB;Secondly,the statistical table contains no years,indicating that the data listed in the table are those of current year and last year;Thirdly,the statistical table is named "******(AAAA)",indicating that the data listed in the table are those of the year of AAAA. (Ⅱ) Symbols Symbols in statistical tables include: #:means that the item is included in the total.Grouped indicators marked with "#" are part of the total,while those without "#" mean that sum of included items equals to the total. ‖:grouping symbol,means that there are multiple ways of grouping the indicators. …:means that the figure is less than the minimum measurement unit of the table. Blank:mean that the figure is unknown or unavailable. ***:means that the figure is not disclosed for secrecy reasons. (Ⅲ) Explanations Explanations include User Guide,Table of Contents,Brief Introduction,Explanatory Notes to Main Statistical Indicators and notes under the tables.User Guide appears before the Contents,giving an introduction to the overall framework of this Yearbook,and explaining the main adjustments;Brief Introduction appears on the first page of each chapter,giving an introduction to the chapter's main content,source of data,statistical scope,standards of indicators,adjustment method of historical data,etc.;Notes under the statistical tables make an explanation on standard of some indicators,method and scope,etc. (Ⅳ) Data In general cases,each chapter consists of two parts:historical data tables and current year data tables;the first tables in each chapter are the historical data tables of core indicators in the area or field,followed by the detailed grouping data tables for the current year.Generally speaking,historical data that are shown in the historical data tables can be used continuously;for some historical data that have been adjusted,please refer to the latest yearbook;When using the data,itis necessary to refer to the Brief Introduction and the explanations on the change in method system,standards and scope in the Notes under the statistical tables.Grouped data in the current year data tables mainly reflect the data in the area orfield of the current year as well as the comparison with the data of previous year;the standards and scope and calculation method for the corresponding indicators,and those greatly differ from the data of the previous year,shall be explained in the Notes under the statistical tables. (Ⅴ) Electronic CD-ROM Beijing Statistical Yearbook is provided with a CD-ROM,which contains Chinese and English versions of this Yearbook.The CD-ROM helps users in working with and processing the data. (Ⅵ) The sum of some statistics or some relative numbers in this Yearbook might have certain calculationerrors because of the choice of different units of measurement.All the statistics have not undergone mechanical adjustment. Ⅲ.About 2018 Beijing Statistical Yearbook Compared with 2017 Beijing Statistical Yearbook,the following adjustments have been mainly made: (Ⅰ) Adjustment of structure of chapters The title and order of certain chapters have been adjusted in terms of the sector classification of national economy;the names of tables have been standardized and unified,and the order of the tables has been adjusted,according to the content of the statistical tables. (Ⅱ) Adjustment of content in statistical tables 1.According to Beijing General Urban Planning(2016-2035),the grouping by four functional areas has been cancelled,and the order of each district has been adjusted by the administrative division code. 2.Some indicator data have been added,reduced or adjusted in accordance with the changes in the statistical method and system of the National Bureau of Statistics.Including:adding the "hydropower,wind power,photovoltaic power" and other statistical indicators reflecting the situation of new energy in the Energy Production;adding the historical data on "main business cost" in the Main Indicators for Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size;adding the "income-profit margin" and "cost expense of per 100 Yuan of main business income" indicators in the Main Indicators of Economic Benefits of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size;the data "grouped by urban and rural regions" on relevant indicators in such field as Industry,Investment and Consumption,etc.have been cancelled;the data grouped by exhibition area in the Statistics for Mice Industry in Beijing have been cancelled.In addition,the names of certain indicators have been adjusted and standardized;for example,"business taxes and surcharges" have been changed into "taxes and surcharges",etc. 3.With reference to the changes in the sectorial statistical systems of Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics,some indicators have been added,reduced or adjusted.Including:adding PM_(2.5) indicator and its historical data in the Environmental Protection;adding historical data in Renminbi(RMB) grouped by "Total Value of Imports and Exports","Exports" and "Imports" in the Foreign Economic Relations and Trade;and the Statistics for Corruption,Bribery,Malpractice and Infringement Cases has been cancelled.Meanwhile,some statistical tables have been adjusted.For example,listing the "total volume of water supplied in the year" and the "total volume of water consumed in the year"separately in the Statistics for Water Resources,and adjusting the grouping correspondingly;adjusting the Statistics for Social Welfare and Community into Statistics for Grass root Social Work,the relevant indicators on the number of social welfare enterprises have been deleted,and indicators on "number of certified professional social workers in grassroot organizations" have been added. (Ⅲ) Optimization of the structure of statistical tables on the principle of simplicity and practicality 1.Adding some statistical indicators data.For example,adding the historical data on relevant information about the households of the whole city in the People's Living Conditions part;adding the historical data on gross industrial output value of key industries and main business cost in the Industry part;adding the industry category data in the Main Indicators of Economic Benefits of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size(by Sector). 2.Cancelling some statistical tables or statistical indicators.For example,in the Population and Employment part,the relevant statistical tables involving district in the Registered Population have been cancelled;in the People's Living Conditions part,the relevant statistical tables on purchase quantity and expenditure amount for main goods have been cancelled;in the Industry part,the historical data tables and relevant content in the Added Value of Industry above Designated Size have been cancelled;the statistical tables on main economic indicators of state-holding industrial enterprises,share-holding industrial enterprises,Hongkong,Macao,Taiwan and Foreign-invested industrial enterprises,and medium and large-sized industrial enterprises grouped by affiliations and by registration type,etc.have been cancelled;in the Wholesale and Retail Trade,Accommodation and Restaurants part,the Commodity Sales of Wholesale and Retail Enterprises above Designated Size has been cancelled;in the Science and Technology part,the Number of Professional Technical Personnel in Public Enterprises and Institutions has been cancelled. 3.Adjustment of some statistical tables or statistical indicators.For example,the indicators order and content in the Aggregate Indicators and Speed Indicators on National Economic and Social Development in Key Years,the Structural Indicators on National Economic and Social Development in Key Years,the Indicators on Proportions and Efficiency in National Economic and Social Development,and the A Day in Beijing,have been optimized and adjusted;the table content in the People's Living Conditions and in the Industry part have been optimized and integrated;the Statistics for Service Trade has been moved to the Foreign Economy and Trade part. (Ⅳ) Revision of text description to make it easier for readers to understand the data changes. Firstly,to revise the content of the brief introduction of each chapter,comprehensively reflecting the data content,data sources,statistical standards and the historical changes of data and so on;Secondly,to add or reduce content in the explanatory notes on main statistical indicators after each chapter;to make uniform revision or adjustment on the explanatory notes on indicators in each chapter according to the changes of indicators of that very year and so on;Thirdly,to update the content of notes under the tables,accurately reflecting the adjustments and changes of the data approach of that very year.